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Tra 03 Cyclist facilities

Number of credits available Minimum standards
Building type dependent No

Aim

To encourage building users to cycle by ensuring adequate provision of cyclist facilities.

Assessment Criteria

The tables below detail the cycle facility requirements by building type and the number of credits available (see also Compliance notes):

Commercial

No. spaces per unit of measure Unit of measure No. cyclist facility types req.1 No. Credits Notes
Offices, Industrial

1

 

10 building occupants(staff)

< 2

1

See Compliance note CN1 on sliding scale of compliance.

2
2
Large retail1
1 10 staff 2 2* * A single credit can be awarded for specifying compliant cycle storage spaces only.
The number of staff should be the maximum number using the building at any time/shift.
The staff spaces must be provided in addition to customer spaces. Whilst they do not need to be separate from customer spaces, this is encouraged.
1 20 public car parking spaces N/A This is subject to providing a minimum of 10 cycle racks. Any development that provides at least 50 customer cycle storage spaces will comply regardless of the number of parking spaces.
Disabled and parent-and-baby spaces where provided, can be excluded from the calculation.
Small retail2
10 Total < 2 1 The spaces must be publicly accessible within proximity of a main building entrance.
10 Total 2 2 Compliant cyclist facilities are intended for staff only i.e. it is not a requirement of compliance to provide facilities for customers.
  1. Large retail type: Includes large retail developments, such as shopping centres, retail parks, and supermarkets, which typically will have covered or uncovered parking or external areas, and therefore scope to provide their own dedicated cyclist facilities.
  2. Small retail type: includes smaller retail units/shops that may form part of a wider retail/business district, city/town centre or mixed-use development, and typically do not have the scope to provide their own dedicated cyclist facilities.

Education

No. spaces per unit of measure Unit of measure No. cyclist facility types req.1 No. Credits Notes
Pre-school/crèche
1 10 staff < 2 1 See Compliance note CN1 on sliding scale of compliance.
2 2  
Primary School

5

 

 

 

form or class in year group

 

 

< 2 1

For example: where a primary school has been designed to accommodate 3 classes per year, a total of 15 compliant cycle storage spaces are provided for the whole school. Where there are varying numbers of forms/classes per year, the calculation must be based on the year with the greatest number of classes/forms.

2 2
Secondary schools & sixth form, Further & Higher Education
1 10 staff & pupils/students Total

< 2

2

1

2

See Compliance note CN1 on sliding scale of compliance.
FE/HE: student numbers must account for both under & post graduates, as well as PhD students and Post-Doctorates.

Healthcare

No. spaces per unit of measure

Unit of measure

No. cyclist facility types req.1

No. Credits

Notes

All healthcare building types

1

10 staff

2

2*












* A single credit can be awarded for specifying compliant cycle storage spaces only.

See Compliance note on sliding scale of compliance.

Unit of measure: use the measure which is the largest for the building type e.g. if hospital then use beds, if GP surgery then consulting rooms.
The requirement for consulting rooms/beds is subject to a minimum of 4 compliant cycle storage spaces being provided.

1

2 consulting rooms OR 10 beds (see notes)

N/A

Courts and Prisons

No. spaces per unit of measure

Unit of measure

No. cyclist facility types req.1

No. Credits

Notes

Prison establishment located building

1

10 staff

2

1

See Compliance note on sliding scale of compliance.

Law Court

1

10 building occupants (staff)

2

2*

* A single credit can be awarded for specifying compliant cycle storage spaces only.

See Compliance note CN3 on sliding scale of compliance.

1

10 building visitors

N/A

Multi-residential

No. spaces per unit of measure

Unit of measure

No. cyclist facility types req.1

No. Credits

Notes

Student residences, key worker accommodation
1 10 staff N/A 1 The requirement is subject to a minimum of 1 compliant space being provided.
1 2 residents
Sheltered housing, Care homes, Supported living facility
1 10 staff 2

1

* Or spaces specified in accordance with the number required as identified by the likely resident profile.
Where the resident profile is not the elderly or physical disabled/impaired then, where appropriate, the requirement for wheelchair/electric buggy spaces should be changed to compliant cycle spaces

1

Compliant wheelchair/ electric buggy storage spaces

10 residents* N/A

Other Buildings

No. spaces per unit of measure Unit of measure No. cyclist facility types req.1 No. Credits Notes
Transport type 1
Use the criteria detailed for offices.
Transport type 2
1 10 staff 2

2*



* A single credit can be awarded for specifying compliant cycle storage spaces only.
See Compliance note CN1 on sliding scale of compliance.

1 10 visitors or beds1 N/A
Transport type 3
1 20 staff 2 1

See Compliance note CN1 on sliding scale of compliance.
See also notes for Transport type 2.
The Compliance note allowing a reduction to the cyclist provision in rural locations has been accounted for in the unit of measure for this transport type. It should not therefore be applied again.

1 20 building visitors/ beds N/A 1
Transport hubs
1 10 public users N/A 1

See Compliance note CN1 on sliding scale of compliance.

Apply the sliding scale (as per compliance note) to a maximum of 5000 daily public users.
Public users refer to regular peak time users of the service who start and/or finish their public transport journey at the assessed building.
M.O.D non-residential
1 10 living-out personnel 2 2* * A single credit can be awarded for specifying compliant cycle storage spaces only.
These criteria apply to M.O.D buildings where the majority of personnel live off-site.

See Compliance note CN1 on sliding scale of compliance.

M.O.D residential
1 2 residents N/A 1 None.
See CN5 in BREEAM issue Tra 01 Public transport accessibility for a definition of transport type 1, 2 and 3.
  1. The unit of measure for visitors/beds does not apply in residential buildings with transient visitors, e.g. hotels, hostels, training centres where the visitor typically resides for less than one month. The compliance note ‘capacity for building visitors’ applies in this instance. For a secure accommodation unit compliance should be based on visitors (not beds).

Note on Cyclist Facilities :There are three types of cyclist facilities that can be provided; showers, changing facilities and lockers and drying space for clothes, see Compliance notes for what defines as ‘compliant’. Unless otherwise stated, compliant cycle facilities are required for staff only.

Compliance Notes

Ref

Terms

Description

CN1

Sliding scale of compliance

To recognise the increased confidence in availability that occurs where there is larger scale provision of facilities, it is acceptable to reduce the provision requirement for building users (and potentially the provision of cyclist facilities) from 1 in 10 on a sliding scale as follows:

  1. For buildings with users (as defined by the unit of measure) greater than 500 but less than 1000, the unit of measure can be increased to 15 for the 500-1000 user range,
  2. For buildings with users (as defined by the unit of measure) greater than 1000, the unit of measure can be increased to 20 for the 1000+ user range,

For example, a building with 1200 users would be required to provide the following number of cycle storage spaces:

1-500 users @ 1 space per 10 users = 50 spaces

501 – 1000 @ 1 space per 15 users = 34 spaces

1001 – 1200 @ 1 space per 20 users = 10 spaces

Total compliant cycle storage spaces required = 94

CN2 

Compliant cycle storage space

Compliant cycle storage facilities are those that meet the following:

  1. Where the calculated number of required cycle storage spaces is less than 4 total provision should be based on the lower of the following:
    1. a minimum of four compliant storage spaces must be provided (unless otherwise stated) OR
    2. one space per user (staff and where appropriate other user groups)
  2. The space is covered overhead to protect from the weather.
  3. Cycles are secured within spaces in rack(s). The rack(s) consists of fixings for one or more spaces.
  4. The covered area and the cycle racks are set in or fixed to a permanent structure (building or hardstanding). Alternatively the cycle storage may be located in a locked structure fixed to or part of a permanent structure with CCTV surveillance.
  5. The distance between each cycle rack, and cycle racks and other obstructions e.g. a wall, allows for appropriate access to the cycle storage space, to enable bikes to be easily stored and accessed.
  6. The facilities are in a prominent site location that is viewable/overlooked from either an occupied building or a main access to a building to encourage use of the facilities. Where cycle storage spaces are within the building, prominent signage to advertise their location to building users (not only cyclists) would be acceptable.
  7. Lighting of the cycle storage facility must be compliant with the external (or internal where relevant) lighting criteria defined in BREEAM issue Hea 01 Visual comfort. The lighting must be controlled to avoid ‘out-of-hours’ use and operation during daylight hours, where there is sufficient daylight in/around the facility.
  8. The majority of the cycle racks are within 100m of a building entrance (ideally within 50m). Or alternatively, in the case where the building forms part of a larger site e.g. campus, business park, hospital or prison establishment where it is not feasible to meet the 100m requirement, the assessor justifiably deems the facilities to be in an easily accessible location (within the site boundary).

CN3

Compliant showers One shower must be provided for every 10 cycle storage spaces (unless stated, see below), subject to a minimum of one shower. Any development providing eight showers or more will comply regardless the number of cycle storage spaces provided. Both male and female users must be catered for i.e. either separate showers within shared gender-specific facilities (required provision split 50-50) or single shower cubicles and changing space for mixed use. The showers do not need to be dedicated to cyclists and can be those shared with other users/uses. Please note the BREEAM requirement for showers is based on accommodating good practice levels for commuting by bicycle. The maximum number of showers level is set to avoid unnecessary specification for typical buildings. Where a high ratio of cyclists is likely or expected for the building type, the provision of showers must reflect this and not be limited to the maximum without justification.

CN4

Compliant showers - additional requirement for schools

In the case of a pre-school or primary school shower provision is for staff only and set at a rate of one shower for every 10 cycle storage spaces provided (subject to a minimum of one shower being provided). For example, where a primary school has been designed to accommodate 3 classes per year, a total of 15 compliant spaces are required to meet the BREEAM criteria for cycle storage, and therefore two showers for staff use would be required for compliance with the cycle facilities criterion.

In secondary schools (and sixth forms) where there are less than 100 pupils, a minimum of 2 showers must be provided for pupils with one male and one female shower (where applicable). A minimum of one shower for staff should be provided in all cases.

CN5

Compliant changing facilities & lockers

Changing facilities and locker criteria;

  1. The assessor should use their judgement to determine whether the changing area is appropriately sized given the number of cycle storage spaces/showers provided.
  2. Changing areas must include adequate space and facilities to hang/store clothing and equipment whilst changing/showering e.g. bench seat and/or hooks.
  3. The number of lockers is at least equal to the number of cycle spaces required.
  4. Lockers are either in or adjacent to compliant changing rooms.
  5. The lockers are sized appropriately for the storage of a cyclists equipment e.g. helmet, shoes, clothing, panniers/back-pack and cyclists equipment.
  6. Both male and female users are catered for i.e. either gender specific, shared facilities or individual changing cubicles in mixed use areas.
  7. Toilet/shower cubicles can not be counted as changing facilities.

CN6

Compliant drying space The drying space (for wet clothes) must be a specially designed and designated space with adequate heating/ventilation. A plant room is not a compliant drying space.

CN7 

Existing/new site wide facilities For assessments of new infill buildings on an existing site where there exist shared compliant facilities, or where the new building will form a part of a larger development (e.g. campus, retail or business park), the required number of facilities can be determined on a development-wide basis. The number of compliant facilities must be large enough to cater for the building occupants of the assessed building, in addition to the occupants of any existing or other new buildings that will share those facilities.

CN8 

Building locations with a high level of public transport accessibility For sites where at least 50% of the available BREEAM credits for Public Transport Accessibility (Tra 01) have been awarded (rounded to the nearest whole credit), the number of compliant cycle spaces can be reduced by 50%. This reduction will also reduce the requirement for compliant shower/lockers by the same margin for most building types by default, since the calculation is based on the number of cycle storage spaces. Building types where the number of required showers/lockers is not based on cycle storage provision can reduce the actual requirement for compliant showers/lockers by 50%.

CN9 

Rural locations

For sites in rural locations, where the average building user commuting distances are likely to be greater than 10 miles, the number of compliant cycle spaces can be reduced by 50%. This reduction will also reduce the requirement for compliant shower/lockers by the same margin for most building types by default, since the calculation is based on the number of cycle storage spaces. Building types where the number of required showers/lockers is not based on cycle storage provision can reduce the actual requirement for compliant showers/lockers by 50%.

A 50% reduction in this context cannot be applied in addition to the 50% reduction due to the building’s Public Transport Accessibility level (as described in the Compliance note above).

A rural location is defined in this context as a site clearly not within or on the boundary of a small, medium or large urban cover (an urban cover with a population of 3000 or more). Therefore the definition includes village locations, green field sites or small urban centres with a population of less 3000 people.

CN10 

Number of building occupants unknown

If it is not possible to confirm the number of building occupants commuting to the development, possibly due to the speculative nature of the building, then the default occupancy rates given in the table in the additional information section of BREEAM issue Tra 04 Maximum car parking capacity can be used to help determine a default number of users.

Alternatively, the number of building occupants in an existing development of similar type and size can be used (the assessor needs to justify/validate the number used in their certification report).

CN11 

Sheltered housing/care homes and supported living facilities

Compliant wheelchair and buggy storage facilities are those that meet the following:

  1. Charging points for electric buggies (at least 2) provided within the storage space
  2. The storage area must be secure yet easily accessible to both the internal and external parts of the building e.g. direct access to the outside.
  3. Direct access from the storage space to the interior of the building, without having to return outside, must be provided.
  4. Lighting of the storage facility must be compliant with the external (or internal where relevant) lighting criteria defined in BREEAM issue Hea 01 Visual comfort. The lighting must be controlled to avoid ‘out-of-hours’ use and operation during daylight hours, where there is sufficient daylight in/around the facility.
  5. Where access to and from the building main entrance needs to be tightly controlled for the safety/security of residents, and it can be demonstrated that compliance with points 2 and 3 above impact on this (e.g. where residents include those with mental health problems), these 2 items can be excluded from the compliance requirements.

Where the resident profile is not the elderly or physical disabled/impaired then, where appropriate, the requirement for wheelchair/electric buggy spaces should be changed to compliant cycle spaces.

CN12 

Multi-residential developments with CSH assessed dwellings

For buildings with self-contained dwellings also being assessed under the Code for Sustainable Homes (CSH), the following applies:

All self-contained dwellings within the building assessed under the CSH must achieve the available credit for issue Ene8 of the CSH in order to achieve any credits under this issue. Other dwellings/building areas not covered under a CSH assessment must meet the requirements defined above.

CN13 

Capacity for building visitors This compliance note has been removed.

CN14 

Primary schools: calculation of cycle spaces and cyclist facilities

Cycle parking:

Cycle parking spaces are intended primarily for staff but must also be available for pupils. These are calculated based on the number of form groups per year, as per the technical guidance.

Additional facilities:

Compliance for pupils can be based on the provision of adequate space for storage of cycling equipment and changing in a suitably located cloakroom. Showers do not need to be provided for pupils.

The number of additional facilities for staff should be based on 1 locker per 10 staff and 1 shower per 100 staff.

CN15 

Secondary schools: calculation of cycle spaces and cyclist facilities

Cycle parking:

Cycle parking spaces are intended for the use of students and staff and are calculated based on the total number of building occupants as per the technical guidance.

Additional facilities:

Compliance for students can be based on the provision of compliant lockers only.

The number of additional facilities for staff should be based on the total number of staff as per the guidance.

Schedule of Evidence

Ref Design stage
Post-construction stage
All

Design drawings and/or relevant section/clauses of the building specification or contract

Plus (if relevant to building type):

  1. The location and size of the wheelchair and buggy storage facilities
  2. Location and no. of charging points
  3. Assumptions and calculations used to determine number of public users.
BREEAM Assessor’s site inspection report and photographic evidence AND/OR ‘As built’ drawings.

Additional Information

Relevant definitions

Net lettable area (NLA)
This is the gross internal area less common areas, ancillary spaces (corridors, plant room, toilet blocks etc.) and structural/internal party walls (but not partitioning or other non load-bearing walls. NLA is often quoted in square feet; 1 square metre is 10.76 square feet.

Checklists and Tables

None

Calculation procedures

None

Other information

None

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