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Hea 06 Safety and security

Number of credits available Minimum standards




To recognise and encourage effective design measures that promote low risk, safe and secure access to and use of the building.

Assessment Criteria

The following is required to demonstrate compliance for:

One credit

Safe access

Where external site areas form part of the assessed development the following apply:

  1. Dedicated cycle lanes are provided and have been designed and constructed in accordance with either:
    1. Local Transport Note 2/08 Cycle Infrastructure Design, Department of Transport, 2008.
    2. The National Cycle Network Guidelines and Practical Details – issue 2, Sustrans and the relevant parts of Appendix VI NCN Design and Construction Checklist1NCN Guidelines and Practical Details and NCN Design and Construction checklist:
  2. The cycle lanes provide direct access from the site entrance(s) to any cycle storage facilities provided, without the need to deviate from the cycle path and, if relevant, connects to offsite cycle paths where these run adjacent to the development’s site boundary.
  3. Footpaths on site provide direct access from the site entrance(s) to the building entrance(s) and connect to public footpaths off site (where existing), providing access to local transport nodes and other offsite amenities (where existing).
  4. Where provided, drop-off areas are designed off/adjoining to the access road and provide direct access to pedestrian footpaths, therefore avoiding the need for the pedestrian to cross vehicle access routes.
  5. Where a dedicated pedestrian crossing of a vehicle access route is provided, the road is raised to the pavement level (i.e. the pavement is not lowered to road level), unless pavement is at road level (this may be the case in some car parks).
  6. For large developments with a high number of public users/visitors, pedestrian pathways must be signposted to other local amenities off site, including public transport nodes (where existing).
  7. The lighting for access roads, pedestrian areas, footpaths and cycle lanes is compliant with the external lighting criteria defined in BREEAM issue Hea 01, i.e. in accordance with BS 5489-1:2003+A2:2008 Lighting of roads and public amenity areas.

Where dedicated delivery access and drop-off areas form part of the assessed development the following apply:

  1. Delivery areas are not directly accessed through general parking areas and do not cross or share pedestrian and cyclist routes and other outside amenity areas accessible to building users and general public.
  2. There is a separate parking/waiting area for goods vehicles away from/adjacent to the manoeuvring area and staff/visitor car parking.
  3. Parking and turning areas are designed for simple manoeuvring according to the type of delivery vehicle likely to access the site, thus avoiding the need for repeated shunting.
  4. There is a dedicated space for the storage of refuse skips and pallets away from the delivery vehicle manoeuvring area and staff/visitor car parking (if appropriate given the building type/function).

One credit

Security of site and building

  1. The project team have accounted for security considerations in the new building design and site layout through consultation with a suitably qualified security consultant.
  2. Consultation with the suitably qualified security consultant occurred during or prior to the concept design stage (RIBA stage C) or equivalent.
  3. The final design embodies the recommendations/solutions of the suitably qualified security consultant and is built to conform to either :
    1. The principles and guidance of Secured by Design (SbD)2Secured by Design: and/or Safer Parking (SP) Scheme3Secured by Design: Car parks: and

    Or where SbD/SP is of less relevance to the building type/operation:

    1. A site specific security risk and threat assessment and subsequent security strategy and recommendations for security measures (as developed/recommended by the suitably qualified security consultant).

Compliance Notes





Development does not have any external site areas. See criteria 12, 13 & 14 The safe access criteria apply only to developments that have areas external to the assessed building and within the boundary of the assessed development (regardless or not of whether that external area is/will be the responsibility of the future building occupant). If the assessed building does not have any external areas and access to the building is direct from the public highway/footpath i.e. there is no onsite vehicle access and parking areas, then the criteria concerning safe access are not applicable. In such instances the two available credits must be assessed and awarded based on compliance with the security criteria.


Covered parking area. See criteria 1 to 11 Where the assessed building has no external areas but does have a covered parking facility, and cyclists/pedestrians/delivery vehicles access the assessed building via this area, then the relevant safe access criteria apply and this area must be assessed against those criteria.


Delivery access through parking areas (smaller sites/deliveries) See criteria 1 to 11 apart from 8 Criteria 8 (delivery access through general parking areas) can be relaxed for smaller sites if it can be confirmed that the building is of an operational type and size which is likely to mean all deliveries to the building will be made by small vans and not heavy goods vehicles.


No vehicle delivery and manoeuvring areas See criteria 1 to 7 The criteria concerning vehicle delivery access is not applicable where dedicated delivery access and drop-off areas do not form part of the assessed development.


Suitably qualified security consultant. See criterion 12 Refer the Additional Information section (below) for a current list of suitably qualified security consultants.


SBD Award See criterion 14a An actual Secured by Design and/or Park Mark® Safer Parking Award/certificate is not required, though this does provide a means of demonstrating compliance at the post construction stage of assessment.


Public car parks See criterion 14a The Secured by Design equivalent for parking facilities is the Safer Parking Scheme. Where public car parking facilities are provided as part of the assessed development then, in addition to designing the building/site in accordance with SBD principles, the parking facilities should be designed in accordance with the principles and guidance of the Safer Parking standards.


Multi-residential Accommodation and CSH assessed dwellings

For buildings with self-contained dwellings also being assessed under the Code for Sustainable Homes (CSH), the following applies:

Where CSH issue Man 4 (Security) has been achieved, the development complies with the ‘security’ criteria of BREEAM issue Hea 06, provided the recommendations of the ALO cover the entire building and any associated parking facilities.


Scope of security criteria for buildings on prison sites In the case of an assessment of a prison building/development the security criteria apply only to new publicly accessible car parks or existing car park facilities that are being refurbished or expanded as part of the development’s scope of works. Security relating to buildings and site layout falls outside of the scope of BREEAM for prison buildings.

Schedule of Evidence

Ref Design stage
Post-construction stage
Safe Access
All Design drawings (including a scaled site plan), AND/OR relevant sections of the specification highlighting all necessary compliant features and dimensions. Assessor’s building/site inspection and photographic evidence confirming compliance AND/OR ‘As built’ site plan and design details.
Security of Site and Building
12 & 13

Correspondence from or a copy of the report/feedback from the ALO/CPDA/Security Consultant confirming:

  1. Scope of their advice/involvement
  2. The stage of design in which their advice was sought
  3. Summary of their recommendations
No additional evidence required to that outlined for the design stage of assessment.
14 Design drawings AND/OR relevant sections of the specification or contract


Assessor’s building/site inspection and photographic evidence OR

Correspondence from the ALO/CPDA/Security Consultant OR (if relevant)

A copy of the development’s Secured by Design and/or Park Mark® Award certificate.

12, 13 & 14 Where relevant for multi-residential and CSH assessed buildings:

Evidence in line with the Design Stage evidence requirements of the CSH issue Man 4.


A copy of the Design Stage CSH certificate and report from the CSH online reporting system confirming the number of credits achieved for CSH issue Man 4.

Where relevant for multi-residential and CSH assessed buildings:

Evidence in line with the Post Construction Stage evidence requirements of the CSH issue Man 4.


A copy of the Post Construction Stage CSH certificate and report from the CSH online reporting system confirming the number of credits achieved for CSH issue Man 4.

Additional Information

Relevant definitions

Architectural Liaison Officer (ALO)
An ALO is the same as the Crime Prevention Design Advisor (see below) and is the title given to the same role in some police forces.
Crime Prevention Design Advisor (CPDA)
is a specialist crime prevention officer, trained at the Home Office Crime Reduction College, who deals with crime risk and designing out crime advice for the built environment. In addition to physical security measures the officer will consider defensible space, access, crime and movement generators all of which can contribute to a reduction in crime and disorder.
Development Managers
DMs are independent persons appointed by the SPS scheme managers (the British Parking Association) and will assist designated police staff in carrying out site assessments of individual parking facilities.
External site areas
Areas external to the assessed building, but within the development’s site boundary, which contain vehicle and/or pedestrian access roads/pathways to the building, parking, unloading and drop-off areas.
Peer review
A process employed by a professional body to demonstrate that potential or current full members maintain a standard of knowledge and experience required to ensure compliance with a code of conduct and professional ethics.
Secured by Design (SBD)
A police initiative that seeks to encourage the construction industry to adopt crime prevention measures in the design of developments, to assist in reducing the opportunity for and fear of crime.
Secured by Design is owned by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) and has the support of the Home Office Crime Reduction & Community Safety Group and the Planning Section of the Department for Communities and Local Government.
The Association of Chief Police Officers for England Wales and Northern Ireland (ACPO) and the Association of Chief Police Officers for Scotland (ACPOS) represent the police forces of the United Kingdom and both organisations endorse and support the Secured by Design programme.
The Safer Parking Scheme
An initiative of the Association of Chief Police Officers aimed at reducing crime and the fear of crime in parking facilities. Safer parking status, Park Mark®, is awarded to parking facilities that have met the criteria of a risk assessment conducted by the Police. The scheme is managed by the British Parking Association (BPA) and supported by the Home Office and Scottish Executive.
Suitably Qualified Security Consultant (SQSC)
The following are, at present, deemed to meet this definition:
    Crime Prevention Design Advisors (CPDA)
    Police Architectural Liaison Officers (ALO)
A list of contact details for the above are available from:
Alternatively, individual security consultants that meet the following requirements are also deemed to be suitably qualified:
    They are a practising security consultant with a minimum of three years relevant experience within the last five years. This experience must clearly demonstrate a practical understanding of factors affecting security in relation to construction and the built environment, including, acting in an advisory capacity to provide recommendations for security and crime prevention.
    Hold a recognised qualification in design and crime prevention. This qualification must incorporate Secured by Design (or an equivalent). Where the qualification incorporates Secured by Design, the training and qualification must have been provided by an organisation/company that is a member of the Secured by Design membership scheme and whose courses have the 'Police Preferred Specification' accreditation status.
    Continue to maintain their qualification/status through (full) membership of a relevant industry professional body or accreditation scheme that meets the following:
    1. Has a professional code of conduct, to which members must adhere to.
    2. Ongoing membership is subject to peer review or the consultants SbD advice/reports are subject to regular audits by the scheme operator.
Organisations, associations or scheme operators who wish to have their membership recognised as ‘suitably qualified’, should review their current status (and therefore their members) against the requirements above and, where they feel they are compliant, contact BRE Global with the relevant information/evidence.

Checklists and Tables


Calculation procedures


Other Information

The Metric Handbook4Metric handbook Planning and design data, Adler, Architectural Press 3rd Ed. 2007. contains details of typical delivery/freight vehicle sizes and turning circles.

In addition to the SbD Schools guidance, Managing School Facilities, Guide 4 Improving Security in Schools, published by the Department for Education and Employment (1996)5Managing School Facilities, Guide 4 Improving Security in Schools, published by the Department for Education and Employment (1996), offers guidance on how to improve the security of school premises.