|Number of credits available||Minimum standards|
To promote resource efficiency via the effective management and reduction of construction waste.
This issue is split into two parts:
The following is required to demonstrate compliance for:
Amount of waste generated per 100m2 (gross internal floor area)
|One credit||≤ 13.3||≤ 11.1|
|Two credits||≤ 7.5||≤ 6.5|
|Three credits||≤ 3.4||≤ 3.2|
|Exemplary Level||≤ 1.6||≤ 1.9|
Note - Volume (m3) is actual volume of waste (not bulk volume)
|BREEAM credits||Type of waste||Volume||Tonnage|
|One credit||Non demolition||70%||80%|
|Exemplary level||Non demolition||85%||90%|
The following outlines the exemplary level criteria to achieve an innovation credit for this BREEAM issue:
|Compliant site waste management plan See criteria 2,3,5 & 9||
A compliant site waste management plan is one that defines:
|Diversion from landfill See criteria 4, 8 & 9||
Diversion from landfill includes:
|Pre-demolition audit See criterion 3||A pre-demolition audit should be carried out using an appropriate methodology. The ICE has produced guidance on pre-demolition audits, including ‘The Demolition Protocol’ and the Waste Resources Action Programme (WRAP)1A Report on the Demolition Protocol, commissioned by London Remade prepared by EnviroCentre Ltd. also provides guidance.|
|SWMP See criteria 2,3,5 & 9||
Since April 2008 any construction project in England costing over £300k requires a Site Waste Management Plan. To achieve any of the construction waste management credits the assessed development, regardless of value or locality, must have a SWMP compliant with best practice (see relevant definitions in additional guidance section).
|Multi-residential developments with CSH assessed dwellings See criteria 2,3,5 & 9||
For buildings with self-contained dwellings also being assessed under the Code for Sustainable Homes (CSH), the following applies:
The number of credits achieved under the CSH assessment cannot be directly applied to a BREEAM assessment of a multi-residential building due to differences in assessment criteria between the two schemes.
Where the credits available for issue Was 2 Construction Site Waste management of the CSH has been achieved, the SWMP is also compliant with the requirements of this issue. However, where the project also includes the demolition of existing buildings/elements, the SWMP will need to comply with the Demolition requirement defined above to qualify for credits.
|Limited site space for segregation and storage See criterion 6||Where space on site is too limited to allow materials to be segregated, a waste contractor may be used to separate and process recyclable materials off site. Similarly, manufacturers take-back schemes could also be used. Where this is the case, sufficient documentary evidence must be produced which demonstrates that segregation of materials is carried out to the agreed levels and that materials are reused/recycled as appropriate.|
|Where there is no official external waste contractor licensing scheme||A review must be carried out by the contractor, design team, or client of the waste contractor’s practices to ensure they are in line with the assessment criteria.|
|Waste from temporary support structures||
Any waste generated on site for the purposes of the development (excluding demolition and excavation waste) must be taken account of in the assessment of this issue. If temporary support structures, or any other materials/system brought on site to facilitate construction of a building, enter the waste stream (albeit for recycling), then they will need to be classified as construction waste and therefore contribute to the construction waste benchmark necessary to facilitate assessment with this issue.
If the support structure is reused by the contractor (or by another contractor) on other sites, then it hasn’t been discarded and therefore doesn’t enter the waste stream – thus wouldn’t be included in the waste generated and hence the benchmark figures for this issue. The same would apply to timber formwork where re-used.
A copy of the compliant Site Waste Management Plan and where relevant, a copy of the pre-demolition audit AND/OR
Relevant section/clauses of the building specification or contract AND/OR
A letter from the client or their representative
Where relevant for multi-residential buildings:
Evidence in line with the Design Stage evidence requirements of the CSH Issue Was 2 OR
A copy of the Design Stage CSH certificate and report from the CSH online reporting system confirming the number of credits achieved for CSH Issue Was 2
A copy of the SWMP summary datasheets or equivalent monitoring records/report
Where relevant for multi-residential buildings:
Evidence in line with the Post Construction Stage evidence requirements of the CSH Issue Was 2 OR
A copy of the Post Construction Stage CSH certificate and report from the CSH online reporting system confirming the number of credits achieved for CSH Issue Was 2.
SMARTWaste® is a web-based membership tool allowing users to measure and monitor construction-site impacts..
The tool can be used for:
This membership tool is frequently updated and offers the user flexibility, reporting and support. Templates are available to meet the latest BREEAM credits and can also be downloaded. More information is available at www.smartwaste.co.uk.
Other tools for preparing, implementing and reviewing a RMP are available from the Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP) www.wrap.org.uk.
|European Waste Catalogue||Key Group||Examples|
|170101||Concrete||Pipes, kerb stones, paving slabs, concrete rubble, precast and in situ|
|170604||Insulation||Glass fibre, mineral wool, foamed plastic|
|1501||Packaging||Paint pots, pallets, cardboard, cable drums, wrapping bands, polythene sheets|
|170201||Timber||Softwood, hardwood, boards products such as plywood, chipboard, medium density fibreboard (MDF)|
|1602||Electrical and electronic equipment||Electrical & electronic TVs, fridges, air-conditioning units, lamps equipment|
|200301||Canteen/office||Office waste, canteen waste, vegetation|
|1301||Oils||Hydraulic oil, engine oil, lubricating oil|
|1703||Asphalt and tar||Bitumen, coal tars, asphalt|
|170103||Tiles and ceramics||Ceramic tiles, clay roof tiles, ceramic, sanitary ware|
|1701||Inert||Mixed rubble/excavation material, glass|
|1704||Metals||Radiators, cables, wires, bars, sheet|
|170802||Gypsum||Plasterboard, render, plaster, cement, fibre cement sheets, mortar|
|170203||Plastics||Pipes, cladding, frames, non-packaging sheet|
|200307||Furniture||Tables, chairs, desks, sofas|
|1705||Soils||Soils, clays, sand; gravel, natural stone|
|Most relevant EWC||Liquids||Non-hazardous paints, thinners, timber treatments|
|Most relevant EWC||Hazardous||Defined in the Hazardous Waste List (HWL) of the European Waste Catalogue (EWC)|
|Most relevant EWC||Floor coverings (soft)||Carpets, vinyl flooring|
|Most relevant EWC||Architectural Features||Roof tiles, reclaimed bricks, fireplaces|
|170904 (Mixed)||Mixed/ other||Efforts should be made to categorise waste into the above categories wherever possible|
The resource efficiency benchmarks used in BREEAM have been derived using data collected from hundreds of real life projects using BREs SMARTWaste system. The BREEAM credits are aligned to the benchmarks as follows:
For more information please go to www.smartwaste.co.uk
BREEAM does not include demolition and excavation (D&E) waste in its resource efficiency benchmark, despite it often being the largest tonnage of waste on site, because the amount of D&E waste produced is site-dependant. Furthermore, it is not necessarily possible to reduce the amount of demolition waste (unless a decision is taken not to demolish in the first place).
Including D&E waste in an overall construction resource efficiency benchmark would:
BREEAM aims to ensure that, where D&E waste is generated, it is diverted from landfill and where possible reused for high grade use on site to reduce the volume of new materials produced/required in the supply chain (which themselves may go on to generate additional waste).
SMARTWaste Plan is a free web-based tool for preparing, implementing and reviewing a SWMP. This tool includes an integrated waste measurement tool which is aligned to defined waste groups. SMARTWaste Plan will manage all aspects of creating SWMPs and measuring waste generated on projects. Templates are available to meet the BREEAM credits and can also be downloaded.
The tool includes online waste measurement, industry waste benchmarks and links to BREMAP. Under the SMARTWaste membership scheme, energy and water consumption and the procurement of certified timber can also be monitored. A carbon calculator and economic assessment of waste will also be added to the system.
BREMAP is a geographical information system of waste management facilities. See www.bremap.co.uk